"A Manchu by birth, Gao Qipei was one of the few foreigners in the Qing period
able not only to absorb Chinese culture but to gain a measure of respect from
other Chinese painters for his accomplishments. Gao found the new expansive,
individualistic style that had emerged around the Jiangnan region in the second
half of the seventeenth century especially congenial, and by exploiting a
special technique of painting that employed the fingers and fingernails in place
of the brush, he won widespread recognition for his highly expressive works of

Gao Qipei
The Johnson Museum
Cornell University